Tourism is a temporary trip that some people make to a destination other than their hometown. The tourism industry creates connections between the guest and host societies that lead to variation in the quality level of people’s life, cultural-behavioral patterns and validity system, family relationships, perspectives, costumes, and traditions, and generally resident’s culture or tourists. In this essay, in addition to explaining the connections between culture and tourism and showing the role and significance of cultures in the development of this industry, we will discuss the pros and cons of the consequences and effects of tourism development on societies’ cultures.
Connection and communication between guests and hosts in the tourism industry are inevitable and obvious. This link between societies causes cultural exchange. Every nation has its principles, beliefs, and values that determine its identity. The tourism industry creates connections between the guest and host societies that lead to variation in the quality level of people’s life, cultural-behavioral patterns and validity system, family relationships, perspectives, costumes, and traditions, and generally resident’s culture or tourists.
Regarding probable anomalies in local tourism of Iran, Ali Columbus added:
Tourism identity, before being considered as an economic phenomenon, has a cultural concept and culture is the main tourism attraction. Taking the vulnerability and fragility of the cultural heritage into consideration, developing tourism can sometimes damage the local cultural norms. This is more crucial and sensitive for rural tourism which is an important factor in supporting the social and cultural improvement of rural societies. Abianeh village, because of its original antiquities, is the leading village of Iran in the field of cultural tourism. According to the history and tourism development rate of this village, the current investigation by using surveying techniques analyzes the cultural effects of this phenomenon from the local people’s eyes.
The results that have been come up from data analysis based on the spectral view of cultural continuity-disruption shows the meaningful effects of tourism development on all fields of costumes and traditions, social cohesion and connection, cultural exchange, attentions toward cultural heritage, public awareness, cultural anomalies, behavioral manifestations and cultural changes or reversals on rural level of residents’ perspective. By ignoring the minor and few differences, the local society analysis implies the weaknesses of the mentioned factors. In other words, the occurrence of those factors is restricted by the cultural disruption with smooth intensity.