Mahoor Afshar, a professional singer, talks about the importance of solfege
A technique in music is solfege, which is necessary and obligatory to learn because every person who is active in the field of music, especially singers and musicians, should be aware of it. Singers and musicians must learn it.
What is solfege?
Solfege is actually a type of reading ability. Reading the notes that are in a special way and are famous in music. You need to learn these techniques to read music in tandem. You should also follow the rules regarding notes and silences while reading. What is very important to learn these techniques is that you must learn the time values of each note as well as the rests. Until you reach these notes while reading, you can easily read them consecutively without much pause. This technique is one of the most widely used musical techniques for singing. In this technique, each note should be read with its appropriate frequency. In the world of music, this work is called Silab. It means that each note must be read with its own Silab. A good singer can sing every note he sees without any pauses.
How important is learning solfege?
In fact, the success factor and the foundation of the technique of a singer, musician or person active in the field of music is learning solfege, and this is very important from the point of view of experts who work in the field of music. For this reason, at the beginning of learning music, many classes are given to beginners so that they can get good information in the field of solfege and finally become a professional in the field of music.
As mentioned, learning solfege is very important in music. Learning it helps a person to become a professional person in the field of music. When a student sees a sheet of music for the first time, they can easily read it out loud without long pauses or getting stuck in reading the sheet music. They follow well and this makes reading the notes beautiful. Because they have learned solfege well and as a result they can read music notes well and with high accuracy.
Learning voice reading, weight reading and music dictation
Learning solfege generally has three main parts. Learning voice reading: In this section, different types of weights and rhythmic patterns are learned, the second part of solfege is also related to the weight reading section, where people who are interested in music get to know the weights of different music, and the third part is called music dictation. It is possible that in this section, voice dictation and rhythm should be practiced alternately so that it fits well in the person’s mind, this section, like the first and second sections, is very important in learning notes. In Iran, self-study and its learning are unfortunately not taken seriously. Many people are oblivious to learning it and do not consider it important. Strengthening the skills of reading rhythm and music dictation has been very important and its impact on the work of every musician is important. And in fact, a musician who has sufficient knowledge in this field plays his instrument more fundamentally.
In the entrance exams of prominent conservatories, both piano music dictation and four-voice dictation are also taken for piano players and students of composition and other instruments. So, the importance of self-portrait is beyond the microphone photo and singing test. So solfege is a science related to singing.
The reason why a European musician quickly learns new pieces of music, while an orchestra player in Iran is unable to play it, is due to his mastery of the science of solfege.
Solfege and its subsets: Solfege consists of six skills that are very important to learn.
Reading notes: In music or any musical instrument, it has a range of sounds from low to low, each of which has a specific key (T, F, third and fourth lines, and four keys of two). The musician must quickly check and recognize the notes in the piece he is playing. Today, in new teaching methods, there is not much emphasis on learning names at the very beginning. But in the older methods, the student was required to read music from the beginning. It means to identify each note with its name in its position relative to the corresponding key.
Reading rhythm: a very important skill. This skill is the repeated repetition of an event in equal times or the same pulsating pattern in music. that many people without understanding and knowledge of rhythmology can read it with the rhythm of a piece of music, that is, without saying the dore mi fa cel la si and only the time value of the note is played with interfaces such as dom, bam, etc. The advantage of this is that it becomes easy to read a step and only adds to the process the rhythm and time value of the note, and the mastery of the name of the note.
Parlati: The total of two stages of note reading and rhythm reading, which includes both the time value of the note and its name, is called palati.
Rhythmic dictation: which is part of a parlatic pattern. And it is written on the note line, which the learner must correctly identify and write. In the beginning, it is only the time value and later by mentioning the name of the net, which becomes more difficult.
Cantati: reading notes with the corresponding frequency and observing its time value.
Melodic dictation: This is how a melody is played and the person must identify the notes and write them on the note line.
Getting to know the different types of human voice
The last stage of learning solfege is the stage of getting to know the different types of human voice. In general, the human voice is divided into 6 categories, which are soprano, mezzo soprano, contra alto, tenor, baritone and bass.